NBI-3001 Followed by Surgery in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme
A Randomized, Dose-Ranging, Safety and Tolerability Study of NBI-3001 Administered by Continuous Intratumoral Infusion Followed by Surgical Resection in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme
Lead SponsorNeurocrine Biosciences
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Indication/ConditionBrain and Central Nervous System Tumors
RATIONALE: NBI-3001 may be able to locate cancer cells and stop them from growing. This may be an effective treatment for glioblastoma multiforme.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare different regimens of NBI-3001 followed by surgery to remove the tumor in treating patients who have glioblastoma multiforme.
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety, tolerability, and optimal clinical dose of interleukin-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL cytotoxin (NBI-3001) followed by surgical resection in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients receive interleukin-4(38-37)-PE38KDEL cytotoxin (NBI-3001) intratumorally as a continuous infusion over 4-5 days beginning within 12-36 hours after ventricular catheter placement. Patients then undergo surgical tumor resection approximately 3 weeks after drug infusion. Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of NBI-3001 until the maximum tolerated dose is determined. Patients are followed within 1 week and then at 8, 16, and 26 weeks.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 30-36 patients will be accrued for this study.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed recurrent or progressive glioblastoma multiforme Previously treated with cytoreductive surgery Unilateral, unifocal tumor with a volume of 5-80 mL Not eligible for further radiotherapy due to prior external beam radiotherapy No multifocal, brain stem, or infratentorial tumor or tumor invading midline No tumor with a clinically significant mass effect (greater than 5 mm midline shift) while on stable dose of corticosteroid No clinical symptoms attributed to uncontrolled increased intracranial pressure and/or edema of the brain PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No focal or generalized seizure(s) within 30 days prior to enrollment No other prior or concurrent malignancy except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer No medical instability due to non-malignant systemic disease No other prior or concurrent condition that would preclude study compliance Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior antineoplastic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: See Disease Characteristics Stable dose of dexamethasone for at least 72 hours prior to catheter placement Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior radiosurgery boost (e.g., gamma knife or stereotactic radiosurgery) At least 8 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior craniotomy