Monoclonal Antibody Therapy and/or Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
A Phase I/II Trial of an Allogeneic Cell Based Vaccine and an Anti-Idiotypic Antibody Vaccine Approach for Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Colon or Rectum
PhasePhase 1/Phase 2
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Vaccines made from cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill colorectal tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of monoclonal antibody therapy and/or vaccine therapy in treating patients who have locally advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
Determine the safety and tolerability of monoclonal antibody 105AD7 anti-idiotypic vaccine and ONYCR1, ONYCR2, and ONYCR3 allogeneic adenocarcinoma cell-based vaccines in patients with locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum.
Determine any immunological response to these treatment regimens in these patients.
Determine the 6-month and 1-year survival of these patients after receiving these treatment regimens.
Determine the tumor response to these treatment regimens in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is an open-label study. Patients are assigned to one of three treatment arms.
Arm I: Patients receive monoclonal antibody 105AD7 anti-idiotype vaccine (MOAB 105AD7) plus BCG intradermally (ID) weekly for weeks 1 and 2; MOAB 105AD7 ID plus alum adjuvant intramuscularly (IM) weekly for weeks 4 and 6; and then MOAB 105AD7 ID alone monthly for up to 12 months.
Arm II: Patients receive ONYCR1, ONYCR2, and ONYCR3 allogeneic adenocarcinoma cell-based vaccines plus BCG ID weekly for weeks 1 and 2; these vaccines ID weekly for weeks 4 and 6, and then monthly for up to 12 months.
Arm III: Patients receive MOAB 105AD7, ONYCR1, ONYCR2, and ONYCR3 allogeneic adenocarcinoma cell-based vaccines, and BCG ID weekly for weeks 1 and 2; MOAB 105AD7 and ONYCR1, ONYCR2, and ONYCR3 allogeneic adenocarcinoma cell-based vaccines ID plus alum adjuvant IM weekly for weeks 4 and 6; and then MOAB 105AD7 and ONYCR1, ONYCR2, and ONYCR3 allogeneic adenocarcinoma cell-based vaccines monthly for up to 12 months.
Patients are followed every 3 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients (15 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Not amenable to curative surgery and either refractory to or inappropriate for chemotherapy Patient must have received adequate or appropriate prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Other: No other prior malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ No history of immunodeficiency No concurrent unstable medical condition that would preclude study No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 1 month since prior immunomodulatory drugs Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy No concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 1 month since prior corticosteroids No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: At least 6 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 4 weeks since other prior anticancer drug No other concurrent investigational anticancer agent