Phase II Study of Amithiozone (Thiacetazone) for Patients With Mycobacterium Avium Complex Pulmonary Disease
Lead SponsorUniversity of Colorado, Denver
StatusCompleted No Results Posted
Indication/ConditionMycobacterium Avium-intracellulare Infection
Intervention/Treatmentthiocarbazyl ethambutol rifampin streptomycin clarithromycin ...
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the bacteriological activity of amithiozone against Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) pulmonary disease.
II. Define the ability of amithiozone to improve clinical outcomes in patients with MAC infection.
III. Determine the safety and tolerance of amithiozone with chronic dosing in these patients.
IV. Assess the contribution of clarithromycin, streptomycin, rifampin, ethambutol, kanamycin, and amithiozone in the treatment of pulmonary MAC infection.
PROTOCOL OUTLINE: The is a randomized, open label study. All patients receive a core regimen of clarithromycin and streptomycin. Patients are randomized into two treatment arms. Arm I patients receive rifampin and ethambutol. Arm II patients receive amithiozone.
Patients are followed for one year to detect any relapse or other complications.
Patients not eligible for this randomized study may be entered on a short open label study with amithiozone.
Completion date provided represents the completion date of the grant per OOPD records
PROTOCOL ENTRY CRITERIA: --Disease Characteristics-- Progressive pulmonary disease due to Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) as defined by: Three of more sputum culture(s) positive for MAC Change in serial chest roentgenograms consistent with active mycobacterial disease over a 12 week period No other obvious cause of pulmonary disease Patients must have organisms that are: Susceptible to amithiozone AND Susceptible or moderately susceptible to the combination of rifampin and ethambutol, and to clarithromycin and streptomycin --Prior/Concurrent Therapy-- No likelihood of resectional thoracic surgery within 24 weeks of evaluation --Patient Characteristics-- Age: 18 and over Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3 times normal SGOT/SGPT less than 3 times normal Alkaline phosphatase less than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 30 mL/min Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart failure Other: No optic disease that precludes the use of ethambutol No hypersensitivity to rifampin, ethambutol, clarithromycin, streptomycin, or amithiozone HIV negative Not pregnant or nursing