Randomized Study of Photodynamic Therapy Using Dihematoporphyrin in Patients With Corneal Neovascularization
  • Phase

  • Study Type

  • Status

    Completed No Results Posted
  • Intervention/Treatment

    prednisone porfimer ...
  • Study Participants


I. Demonstrate the safety and efficacy of dihematoporphyrin derivative (DHP) in laser photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with corneal neovascularization.

II. Document the histopathologic mechanism of action in selected patients undergoing penetrating keratoplasty following PDT therapy for corneal neovascularization.

III. Facilitate FDA product approval of DHP as a photosensitizing agent for laser treatment in these patients.

IV. Explore the use of this photosensitizer for ocular and cutaneous basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma.

This is a randomized, placebo controlled study.

Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms:

Arm I: Patients receive topical dihematoporphyrin derivative (DHP) every 3 hours on days -3 and -2. Patients undergo laser surgery on day 0. After photodynamic (PDT) therapy, patients receive topical prednisolone phosphate four times a day for 90 days. Ninety days following PDT, patients may undergo corneal transplantation.

Arm II: Patients receive placebo topical gel and undergo sham laser surgery following arm I schedule, then receive topical prednisolone phosphate four times a day for 90 days. Patients may be crossed over to arm I if disease progression is observed.

Arm III: Patients receive a compressed 1 day schedule of DHP with 5 doses in the morning and then undergo laser surgery in the evening.

Patients are assessed on days 1, 7, 30, and 90 after PDT therapy.

Completion date provided represents the completion date of the grant per OOPD records
Study Started
Sep 30
Study Completion
Sep 30
Last Update
Mar 25

Drug Dihematoporphyrin derivative

Drug prednisolone

Procedure Laser surgery


Histologically proven corneal neovascularization (CNV): Must have at least 1 quadrant of significant CNV, which is due to bacterial, viral, parasitic, or fungal keratitis; alkaline acid or hydrocarbon chemical burns; ocular trauma and injury; severe ocular surface disease; or previous surgery with complications such as corneal allograft rejection are eligible
No concurrent systemic steroids
No concurrent immunosuppressive therapy
Not pregnant or nursing; Negative pregnancy test; Fertile patients must use effective contraception; HIV negative; No rheumatoid arthritis; No congenital corneal scars; No active ocular infection or inflammation; No other active systemic collagen vascular disease; No uncontrolled glaucoma; No history of porphyrin allergies; Visual acuity of 20/400 or better in contralateral eye
No Results Posted