Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Surgically Removed
A Randomized Phase III Study Comparing Induction Chemotherapy to Daily Low Dose Cisplatin Both Combined With High Dose Radiotherapy Using Concomitant Boost Technique in Patients With Inoperable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Stage I, II, and Low Volume Stage III
  • Phase

    Phase 3
  • Study Type

  • Status

  • Intervention/Treatment

    gemcitabine cisplatin ...
  • Study Participants

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy used high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet know whether chemotherapy followed by radiation therapy is more effective than chemotherapy given with radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two different regimens of chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients who have unresectable stage I, stage II, or stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

Compare survival, disease-free survival, local control, and pattern of recurrence in patients with unresectable stage I, II, or low-volume stage III non-small lung cancer treated with high-dose radiotherapy either preceded by induction chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin or combined with daily cisplatin.
Compare the acute and late toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.
Determine the quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to performance status (0 vs 1), TNM stage, and participating center. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

Arm I: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and cisplatin IV over 3-6 hours on day 2. Treatment is repeated once 21 days later. Patients undergo high-dose accelerated conformal radiotherapy beginning on week 9 (day 57), 5 days a week, for 24 fractions, using a concurrent boost technique up to 66 Gy.
Arm II: Patients receive low-dose cisplatin IV followed 1-2 hours later by high-dose accelerated conformal radiotherapy. Treatment continues daily, 5 days a week, for 24 fractions, using a concurrent boost technique up to 66 Gy.

Quality of life is assessed before treatment and at weeks 9-11, 19, 27, and 35.

Patients are followed at 3 weeks, 6-7 weeks, and then every 8 weeks thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 418 patients (209 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 5 years.
Study Started
Feb 28
Primary Completion
Mar 31
Last Update
Jul 18

Drug cisplatin

Drug gemcitabine hydrochloride

Radiation radiation therapy



Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer

Stage I, II, III (T1-4, N0-3, M0)

No metastases to supraclavicular, contralateral hilar, or contralateral scalene lymph nodes
Medically inoperable or unresectable
No pleural or pericardial effusion (except with repeated negative cytology)



Over 18

Performance status:

ECOG 0 or 1

Life expectancy:

Not specified


WBC at least 4,000/mm^3
Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3
Hemoglobin at least 6.8 g/dL
No hemoptysis causing a decrease of hemoglobin of 1 g/dL or more within 24 hours


Not specified


Creatinine no greater than 1.25 times normal OR
Creatinine clearance greater than 70 mL/min


No evidence of heart failure
No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
No superior vena cava syndrome


FEV1 at least 1 L
No pre-existing fibrotic lung disease
No postobstructive pneumonia preventing exact delineation of tumor volume
Diffusion capacity at least 60%


No weight loss of more than 10% in the past 3 months
No uncontrolled infection
No serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems that would preclude adherence to the study treatment schedule


Biologic therapy:

No concurrent immunotherapy


No prior chemotherapy
No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

Not specified


No prior radiotherapy to the chest
Maximum length of the esophagus receiving 40 Gy no greater than 18 cm
Maximum length of the esophagus receiving 66 Gy no greater than 12 cm
Must limit the spinal cord dose to a maximum of 50 Gy
Must be able to exclude 25% of the heart from the boost volume


Not specified


No other concurrent experimental medications
No Results Posted