Chemicals and Drugs [D] » Enzymes and Coenzymes [D08] » Enzymes » Oxidoreductases » Alcohol Oxidoreductases » NAD (+) and NADP (+) Dependent Alcohol Oxidoreductases » Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of isocitrate and NAD+ to yield 2-ketoglutarate, carbon dioxide, and NADH. It occurs in cell mitochondria. The enzyme requires Mg2+, Mn2+; it is activated by ADP, citrate, and Ca2+, and inhibited by NADH, NADPH, and ATP. The reaction is the key rate-limiting step of the citric acid (tricarboxylic) cycle. (From Dorland, 27th ed) (The NADP+ enzyme is EC 184.108.40.206.) EC 220.127.116.11. MeSH
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