Active Ingredient History
Montelukast (SINGULAIR®) is a selective and orally active leukotriene D4 (LTD4) receptor antagonist that inhibits the cysteinyl leukotriene CysLT1 receptor. It is indicated for the prophylaxis and chronic treatment of asthma, for prevention of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, and for the relief of symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis. LTD4 is a product of arachidonic acid metabolism and is released from various cells, including mast cells and eosinophils. This eicosanoid binds to CysLT1 receptor found in the human airway (including airway smooth muscle cells and airway macrophages) and on other pro-inflammatory cells (including eosinophils and certain myeloid stem cells). Cysteinyl leukotriene receptors (CysLTs) have been correlated with the pathophysiology of asthma and allergic rhinitis. In asthma, leukotriene-mediated effects include airway edema, smooth muscle contraction, and altered cellular activity associated with the inflammatory process. In allergic rhinitis, CysLTs are released from the nasal mucosa after allergen exposure during both earlyand late-phase reactions and are associated with symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Montelukast (SINGULAIR®) binds with high affinity and selectivity to the CysLT1 (in preference to other pharmacologically important airway receptors, such as the prostanoid, cholinergic, or beta-adrenergic receptor). It inhibits physiologic actions of LTD4 at the CysLT1 receptor without any agonist activity. NCATS
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