Active Ingredient History
Folic Acid is a B complex vitamin containing a pteridine moiety linked by a methylene bridge to para-aminobenzoic acid, which is joined by a peptide linkage to glutamic acid. Conjugates of Folic Acid are present in a wide variety of foods, particularly liver, kidneys, yeast and leafy green vegetables. Commercially available Folic Acid is prepared synthetically. Folic Acid occurs as a yellow or yellowish-orange crystalline powder and is very slightly soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. Aqueous solutions of Folic Acid are heat sensitive and rapidly decompose in the presence of light and/or riboflavin; solutions should be stored in a cool place protected from light. Folic Acid is effective in the treatment of megaloblastic anemias due to a deficiency of Folic Acid (as may be seen in tropical or nontropical sprue) and in anemia of nutritional origin, pregnancy, infancy, or childhood. Folic Acid is relatively nontoxic in man. Rare instances of allergic responses to Folic Acid preparations have been reported and have included erythema, skin rash, itching, general malaise, and respiratory difficulty due to bronchospasm. Endocyte is developing an intravenous (IV) formulation of folic acid, called Neocepri®, which is intended for the diagnosis of positive folate receptor-positive status in patients with ovarian cancer when administered prior to the radioactive medicine, technetium Tc99m Etarfolatide. The benefits of Neocepri® are its ability to reduce the background activity observed on single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging in most normal, nontarget tissues (e.g. intestines, liver, kidney, spleen), thereby improving the image quality of the scans. The product had been granted orphan drug designation in the EU. Endocyte had filed a conditional marketing authorization application (CMA) with the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for Neocepri®. NCATS
Drug Pricing (per unit)
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