Active Ingredient History

  • Now
Digoxin is a cardiac glycoside derived from the purple foxglove flower. In 1785, the English chemist, botanist, and physician Sir William Withering published his findings that Digitalis purpurea could be used to treat cardiac dropsy (congestive heart failure; CHF). Digoxin has been in use for many years, but was not approved by the FDA for treatment of heart failure (HF) until the late 1990s. Another FDA indication for digoxin is atrial fibrillation (AF). Digoxin also has numerous off-label uses, such as in fetal tachycardia, supra-ventricular tachycardia, cor pulmonale, and pulmonary hypertension. Digitoxin inhibits the Na-K-ATPase membrane pump, resulting in an increase in intracellular sodium and calcium concentrations. Increased intracellular concentrations of calcium may promote activation of contractile proteins (e.g., actin, myosin). Digoxin also has Para sympathomimetic properties. By increasing vagal tone in the sinoatrial and atrioventricular (AV) nodes, it slows the heart rate and AV nodal conduction.   NCATS

  • SMILES: C[C@H]1O[C@H](C[C@H](O)[C@@H]1O)O[C@H]2[C@@H](O)C[C@H](O[C@H]3[C@@H](O)C[C@H](O[C@H]4CC[C@@]5(C)[C@H](CC[C@@H]6[C@@H]5CC[C@]7(C)[C@H](CC[C@]67O)C8=CC(=O)OC8)C4)O[C@@H]3C)O[C@@H]2C
  • Mol. Mass: 764.9391
  • ALogP: 3.25
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
More Chemistry
cardidigin | cardigin | carditoxin | coramedan | cristapurat | crystodigin | crystodigin (tn) | digicor | digimerck | digipural | digisidin | digitoksin | digitophyllin | digitoxigenin tridigitoxoside | digitoxin | digitoxinum | digitoxoside | myodigin | nativelle digitaline | purpurid | tradigal | unidigin


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