Active Ingredient History

  • Now
Neomycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic found in many topical medications such as creams, ointments, and eye drops. In vitro tests have demonstrated that neomycin is bactericidal and acts by inhibiting the synthesis of protein in susceptible bacterial cells. It is effective primarily against gram-negative bacilli but does have some activity against gram-positive organisms. Neomycin is active in vitro against Escherichia coli and the Klebsiella-Entero. Topical uses include treatment for superficial eye infections caused by susceptible bacteria (used in combination with other anti-infective), treatment of otitis externa caused by susceptible bacteria, treatment or prevention of bacterial infections in skin lesions, and use as a continuous short-term irrigant or rinse to prevent bacteriuria and gram negative rod bacteremia in bacteriuria patients with indwelling catheters. May be used orally to treat hepatic encephalopathy, as a perioperative prophylactic agent, and as an adjunct to fluid and electrolyte replacement in the treatment of diarrhea caused to enter pathogenic E. coli (EPEC). Neomycin sulfate has been shown to be effective adjunctive therapy in hepatic coma by reduction of the ammonia forming bacteria in the intestinal tract. The subsequent reduction in blood ammonia has resulted in neurologic improvement. To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Neomycin Sulfate Oral Solution and other antibacterial drugs, susceptible bacteria should use Neomycin Sulfate Oral Solution only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy. Neomycin binds to four nucleotides of 16S rRNA and a single amino acid of protein S12. This interferes with decoding site near nucleotide 1400 in 16S rRNA of 30S subunit. This region interacts with the wobble base in the anticodon of tRNA. This leads to interference with the initiation complex, misreading of mRNA so incorrect amino acids are inserted into the polypeptide leading to nonfunctional or toxic peptides and the breakup of polysomes into nonfunctional monosomes   NCATS

  • SMILES: NC[C@@H]1O[C@H](O[C@H]2[C@@H](O)[C@H](O[C@@H]3[C@@H](O)[C@H](N)C[C@H](N)[C@H]3O[C@H]4O[C@H](CN)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4N)O[C@@H]2CO)[C@H](N)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O.OS(=O)(=O)O
  • Mol. Mass: 712.73
  • ALogP: -8.9
  • ChEMBL Molecules:
More Chemistry

Combination drugs

( urea, neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx) - other names: neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and hydrocortisone, oticair, pediotic )
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( urea, bacitracin (polysporin), neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx) - other names: bacitracin-neomycin-polymyxin w/ hydrocortisone acetate, neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates, bacitracin zinc and hydrocortisone )
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( neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx), dexamethasone - other names: dexacidin, dexasporin, neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and dexamethasone )
( urea, neomycin - other names: cor-oticin, neo-cortef )
( neomycin, dexamethasone )
( prednisone (meticorten), neomycin )
( prednisolone (hydeltra), neomycin )
( methylprednisolone (medrol), neomycin )
( triamcinolone (kenalog), neomycin - other name: mytrex a )
( bacitracin (polysporin), neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx) - other name: neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and bacitracin zinc )
( neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx), gramicidin - other name: neomycin and polymyxin b sulfates and gramicidin )
( neomycin, polymyxin b sulfate (poly-rx) - other names: neomycin and polymyxin b sulfate, statrol )
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bykomycin | cicatrene | cicatrin | endomixin | fradiomycin sulfate | framycetin | gppe nsl gel | graneodin | mycerin sulfate | mycifradin | myciguent | naseptin | neobacrin | neomycin | neomycin b | neomycin b sulfate | neomycin sulfate | neomycin sulphate | neo-rx | nivemycin


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