Active Ingredient History

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Telbivudine is an antiviral drug used in the treatment of hepatitis B infection. It is marketed by Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis under the trade names Sebivo (Europe) and Tyzeka (United States). Clinical trials have shown it to be significantly more effective than lamivudine or adefovir, and less likely to cause resistance. Telbivudine is a synthetic thymidine nucleoside analogue; it is the L-isomer of thymidine. It is taken orally in a dose of 600 mg once daily with or without food. TYZEKA is the trade name for telbivudine, a synthetic thymidine nucleoside analogue with activity against hepatitis B virus (HBV). The chemical name for telbivudine is 1-((2S,4R,5S)-4-hydroxy-5-hydroxymethyltetrahydrofuran-2-y1)-5-methyl-1H-pyrimidine-2,4-dione, or 1-(2-deoxy-β-L-ribofuranosyl)-5-methyluracil. Telbivudine is a synthetic thymidine nucleoside analogue with activity against HBV DNA polymerase. It is phosphorylated by cellular kinases to the active triphosphate form, which has an intracellular half-life of 14 hours. Telbivudine 5'-triphosphate inhibits HBV DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase) by competing with the natural substrate, thymidine 5'-triphosphate. Incorporation of telbivudine 5'-triphosphate into viral DNA causes DNA chain termination, resulting in inhibition of HBV replication. Telbivudine is an inhibitor of both HBV first strand (EC50 value = 1.3 ± 1.6 µM) and second strand synthesis (EC50 value = 0.2 ± 0.2 µM). Telbivudine 5'-triphosphate at concentrations up to 100 µM did not inhibit human cellular DNA polymerases α, β, or γ. No appreciable mitochondrial toxicity was observed in HepG2 cells treated with telbivudine at concentrations up to 10 µM.   NCATS

  • SMILES: CC1=CN([C@@H]2C[C@@H](O)[C@H](CO)O2)C(=O)NC1=O
  • Mol. Mass: 242.2286
  • ALogP: -1.51
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
More Chemistry
  • Mechanism of Action:
  • Multi-specific: Missing data
  • Black Box: Yes
  • Availability: Prescription Only
  • Delivery Methods: Oral
  • Pro Drug: Yes
1-(2-deoxy-beta-l-erythropentafuranosyl)-5-methyl-2,4(1h,3h)-pyrimidinedione | 1-(2-deoxy-beta-l-ribofuranosyl)-5-methyluracil | 2'-deoxy-l-thymidine | 2'-deoxythymidine | beta-l-2'-deoxythymidine | beta-l-thymidine | deoxyribosylthymine | deoxythymidine | epavudine | l-deoxythymidine | ldt | l-dt | l-thymidine | nv-02b | sebivo | telbivudin | telbivudine | thymine deoxyriboside | tyzeka


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