Active Ingredient History

  • Now
Triclosan was used as a hospital scrub in the 1970s. Since then, it has expanded commercially and is now prevalent in soaps (0.10-1.00%), shampoos, deodorants, toothpastes, mouth washes, cleaning supplies and pesticides. It is part of consumer products, including kitchen utensils, toys, bedding, socks and trash bags. In healthcare, triclosan is used in surgical scrubs and hand washes. Use in surgical units is effective with a minimum contact time of approximately two minutes. More recently, showering with 2% triclosan has become a recommended regimen in surgical units for the decolonization of patients whose skin carries methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Triclosan is also used in the coatings for some surgical sutures. Triclosan has been employed as a selective agent in molecular cloning. At high concentrations, triclosan acts as a biocide with multiple cytoplasmic and membrane targets. However, at the lower concentrations seen in commercial products, triclosan appears bacteriostatic, and it targets bacteria primarily by inhibiting fatty acid synthesis. Triclosan binds to bacterial enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase (ENR) enzyme, which is encoded by the gene FabI. This binding increases the enzyme's affinity for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). This results in the formation of a stable, ternary complex of ENR-NAD+-triclosan, which is unable to participate in fatty acid synthesis. Fatty acids are necessary for building and reproducing cell membranes. Humans do not have an ENR enzyme and thus are not affected.   NCATS

  • SMILES: OC1=CC(Cl)=CC=C1OC2=CC=C(Cl)C=C2Cl
  • Mol. Mass: 289.542
  • ALogP: 5.14
  • ChEMBL Molecule:
More Chemistry
  • Mechanisms of Action: Missing data
  • Multi-specific: Missing data
  • Black Box: No
  • Availability: Over the Counter
  • Delivery Methods: Topical
  • Pro Drug: No

Combination drugs

( sodium fluoride, triclosan )
2,4,4'-trichloro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether | 5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichloro-phenoxy)-phenol | aquasept | innoxa | manusept | skinsan | stri-dex cleansing bar | stri-dex face wash | tegusept | triclosan | triclosanum


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