Active Ingredient History

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Chlorhexidine is a broad-spectrum biocide effective against Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. It is used primarily as its salts (e.g., the dihydrochloride, diacetate, and digluconate). Chlorhexidine inactivates microorganisms with a broader spectrum than other antimicrobials (e.g. antibiotics) and has a quicker kill rate than other antimicrobials (e.g. povidone-iodine). It has both bacteriostatic (inhibits bacterial growth) and bactericidal (kills bacteria) mechanisms of action, depending on its concentration. Chlorhexidine kills by disrupting the cell membrane. The most common side effects associated with chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinses are: 1) an increase in staining of teeth and other oral surfaces; 2) an increase in calculus formation; and 3) an alteration in taste perception; 4) toothache; 5) upper respiratory tract infection; and 6) headache.   NCATS

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Drug Pricing (per unit)

Australia

$3.7525 - $5.9698
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Note: This drug pricing data is preliminary, incomplete, and may contain errors.

Combination drugs

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( isopropyl alcohol, chlorhexidine (hibitane) - other names: chloraprep one-step, chloraprep one-step frepp, chloraprep one-step sepp, chloraprep single swabstick, chloraprep triple swabstick, prevantics maxi swabstick, prevantics swab, prevantics swabstick, soluprep )
1,1'-hbcb | 1,1'-hexamethylenebis-(5-(ethylhexyl)biguanide) | 1,1'-hexamethylene bis(5-(p-chlorophenyl)biguanide) | acriflex | aerocide 1 | alcoholic chlorhexidine | avagard | bacticlens | bioscrub | brian care | cepton | cetriclens | cetriclens fte | chg scrub | chlohexidine gluconate | chloraprep | chlorexidine | chlorhexamed | chlorhex glucon | chlorhex hcl | chlorhexidin | chlorhexidine | chlorhexidine acetate | chlorhexidine bigluconate | chlorhexidine digluconate | chlorhexidine gluconate | chlorhexidine gluconate mixture with isopropyl alcohol | chlorhexidine hcl | chlorhexidine hydrochloride | chlorhexidinum | chlorohex | chlorohexidine | chlorohexidine gluconate | cida-stat | clinivex | cloresidina | clorhexidina | clorhexidine | corsodyl | corsodyl daily | corsodyl daily defence | corsodyl ici | curasept | curasept ads 220 | cx 1 | cyteal | dispray 1 | dispray 2 | dyna-hex | eczmol | eludril | exidine | e-z scrub | gibitan | gppe soln | gppe tinct | gppe wsh | habitant | hexidine | hibclens | hibi | hibicet | hibiclens | hibident | hibidil | hibiscrub | hibisol | hibispray | hibistat | hibitane | hibitane plus | hydrex | microderm | n,n'-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-3,12-diimino-2,4,11,13-tetraazatetradecanediimidamide | peridex | periochip | perio chip | periogard | perio-kin | pharmaseal scrub care | phiso-med | prevacare | prevacare r | primahex | rotersept | savloclens | savlodil | savlon hc | savlon jnr | sterets tisept | sterets uniscrub | sterets unisept | sterexidine | steri-stat | tarodent | tisept | uriflex-c

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