Active Ingredient History

  • Now
Ethacrynic acid is a monosulfonamyl loop or high ceiling diuretic. Ethacrynic acid acts on the ascending limb of the loop of Henle and on the proximal and distal tubules. Urinary output is usually dose dependent and related to the magnitude of fluid accumulation. Water and electrolyte excretion may be increased several times over that observed with thiazide diuretics, since ethacrynic acid inhibits reabsorption of a much greater proportion of filtered sodium than most other diuretic agents. Therefore, ethacrynic acid is effective in many patients who have significant degrees of renal insufficiency. Ethacrynic acid has little or no effect on glomerular filtration or on renal blood flow, except following pronounced reductions in plasma volume when associated with rapid diuresis. Ethacrynic acid inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. Diuretics also lower blood pressure initially by reducing plasma and extracellular fluid volume; cardiac output also decreases, explaining its antihypertensive action. Eventually, cardiac output returns to normal with an accompanying decrease in peripheral resistance. Its mode of action does not involve carbonic anhydrase inhibition. Ethacrynic acid is indicated for the treatment of high blood pressure and edema caused by diseases like congestive heart failure, liver failure, and kidney failure.   NCATS

  • SMILES: CCC(=C)C(=O)c1ccc(OCC(=O)O)c(Cl)c1Cl
  • Mol. Mass: 303.14
  • ALogP: 3.61
  • ChEMBL Molecules:
More Chemistry
  • Mechanism of Action:
  • Multi-specific: Missing data
  • Black Box: No
  • Availability: Prescription Only
  • Delivery Methods: Oral, Parenteral
  • Pro Drug: No

Drug Pricing (per unit)

United States

$0.0001 - $2450.5800
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Note: This drug pricing data is preliminary, incomplete, and may contain errors.

(2,3-dichloro-4-(2-methylene-1-oxobutyl)phenoxy)acetic acid | acide étacrynique | ácido etacrínico | acidum etacrynicum | edecrin | etacrinic acid | etacrynic acid | etakrinic acid | ethacryinic acid | ethacrynate | ethacrynate sodium | ethacrynic acid | hydromedin | methylenebutyrylphenoxyacetic acid | mk-595 | reomax | sodium ethacrynate


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