Active Ingredient History
Gatifloxacin is a recently developed antibacterial agent differing from earlier fluoroquinolones by the presence of a methoxy group at the C-8 position. The presence of the methoxy group has conferred improved antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, making gatifloxacin a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent applicable in many clinical settings. Gatifloxacin is sold under the brand Zymar and is indicated for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis caused by susceptible strains of the following organisms: Aerobic Gram-Positive Bacteria: Cornyebacterium propinquum, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Aerobic Gram-Negative Bacteria: Haemophilus influenza. The antibacterial action depends on blocking of bacterial DNA replication by binding itself to an enzyme called DNA gyrase, which allows the untwisting required to replicate one DNA double helix into two. Notably the drug has 100 times higher affinity for bacterial DNA gyrase than for mammalian. In addition, Gatifloxacin inhibits bacterial topoisomerase IV. This enzyme is an enzyme known to play a key role in the partitioning of the chromosomal DNA during bacterial cell division. The mechanism of action of fluoroquinolones including gatifloxacin is different from that of aminoglycoside, macrolide, and tetracycline antibiotics. Therefore, gatifloxacin may be active against pathogens that are resistant to these antibiotics and these antibiotics may be active against pathogens that are resistant to gatifloxacin. There is no cross-resistance between gatifloxacin and the aforementioned classes of antibiotics. Cross-resistance has been observed between systemic gatifloxacin and some other fluoroquinolones. NCATS
Drug Pricing (per unit)
Note: This drug pricing data is preliminary, incomplete, and may contain errors.
Data collection and curation is an ongoing process for CDEK - if you notice any information here to be missing or incorrect, please let us know! When possible, please include a source URL (we verify all data prior to inclusion).Report issue