Active Ingredient History
Oxaliplatin (brand name Eloxatin), a new generation of platinum derivatives discovered by Prof Kidani in 1976 at Nagoya University in Japan, was licensed-in and developed by Debiopharm. Eloxatin is typically administered in combination with fluorouracil and leucovorin for the adjuvant treatment of stage III colon cancer and for the treatment of advanced carcinoma of the colon or rectum. Oxaliplatin undergoes nonenzymatic conversion in physiologic solutions to active derivatives via displacement of the labile oxalate ligand. Several transient reactive species are formed, including monoaquo and diaquo 1,2-diaminocyclohexane (DACH) platinum, which covalently bind with macromolecules. Both inter- and intrastrand Pt-DNA crosslinks are formed. Crosslinks are formed between the N7 positions of two adjacent guanines (GG), adjacent adenine-guanines (AG), and guanines separated by an intervening nucleotide (GNG). These crosslinks inhibit DNA replication and transcription. Cytotoxicity is cell-cycle nonspecific. NCATS
Drug Pricing (per unit)
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